PyRTF is a Python library that enables programmatic creation of RTF (Rich Text Format) documents. RTF files are compatible with Microsoft Word and many other leading word processors such as OpenOffice, and also compress well. PyRTF makes it fairly easy to generate RTF content programmatically, with many features such as sections, paragraphs, headers and footers, tables, etc.
Some years earlier I had done some interesting work with RTF using Java, as part of developing a product at a startup. The work basically involved reverse-engineering part of the RTF specification / format, and then writing custom Java code to generate RTF from the data in J2EE application. The RTF files could be imported into MS Word and Adobe InDesign.
The code was written in such a way as to try to keep style and content separate, so that each could be varied independently. It worked, to an extent.
RTF page in Wikipedia.
PyRTF download page on SourceForge.
Below is a simplified version of examples.py from the PyRTF package; I modified examples.py to create only one simple file instead of 7 increasingly complex ones. Save this file as small_example.py in the examples subdirectory of the directory where you extract PyRTF:
# small_example.py import sys sys.path.append( '../' ) from PyRTF import * def MakeExample1() : doc = Document() ss = doc.StyleSheet section = Section() doc.Sections.append( section ) # text can be added directly to the section # a paragraph object is create as needed section.append( 'Example 1' ) # blank paragraphs are just empty strings section.append( '' ) # a lot of useful documents can be created # with little more than this section.append( 'A lot of useful documents can be created ' 'in this way, more advance formating is available ' 'but a lot of users just want to see their data come out ' 'in something other than a text file.' ) return doc def OpenFile( name ) : return file( '%s.rtf' % name, 'w' ) if __name__ == '__main__' : DR = Renderer() doc1 = MakeExample1() DR.Write( doc1, OpenFile( '1' ) ) print "Finished"
Then run it with the command: python small_example.py
It will create a file called 1.rtf in the same directory.
The contents of the file will be this (in .RTF format):
Example 1 A lot of useful documents can be created in this way, more advance formating is available but a lot of users just want to see their data come out in something other than a text file.So you can open the file in MS Word, OpenOffice, or any other word processor that supports the RTF format, and also save it to other formats like .DOC if you want to.
- Vasudev Ram - Dancing Bison Enterprises